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Copyright
VOLUME 3 (2001), ISSUE 6 (WINTER)

 

HOW INDIVIDUAL AND CULTURAL IDENTITIES ARE CONSTRUCTED  

PIERRE TAP

 

SUMMARY

The author points out the links between identity, power, and individual or collective life strategies.

He reminds us that cultural identity must not be considered as separate from the emergence or organization of action. It is associated not only with continuity (the feeling of staying the same over time), but also to multiple dimensions such as cohesiveness, positivity, differentiation, assertiveness, originality, and it expresses itself through individual or collective strategies, either short-term or long-term. 

He states that demoralized Western societies can take either pessimistic or optimistic stands, but, loss of cultural identity likely will inhibit the potential of these societies to thrive. A strong identity still is the condition by which a social group can maintain its cohesiveness and defeat the threat of dissolution.

KEYWORDS

Identity - Social Cohesiveness

AUTHOR'S PRESENTATION

Pierre TAP is a social psychologist and a professor at the University of Toulouse, France, and a director of the Department of Psychology at the University of Toulouse Le Mirail, France.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This book is the outcome of a collective reflection on immigration and interethnic relationships by a multidisciplinaryacademic team.

Translation in English by Patrick HUNOUT and Ellen MOORE-BOOHAR.

A part of this book has been realized thanks to the financial support of the Robert Bosch Foundation and the French-German Youth Office.

COPYRIGHT

All work published in The International Scope Review is subject to copyright and may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, in any manner or in any medium - unless written consent  is given by The Social Capital Foundation represented by its President, unless the author's name and the one of The International Scope Review as the first publication medium appear on the work or the excerpt, and unless no charge is made for the copy containing the work or excerpt.

Any demands for obtaining consent for reproduction should be sent to  lawyer@socialcapital-foundation.org

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